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tv   Weekend News  Al Jazeera  July 11, 2015 12:00am-12:31am EDT

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a u.n. brokered truce comes in to effect in yemen while people wait for much-needed surprise. ♪ ♪ welcome to al jazerra live from our head quarters in doha, i am elizabeth. also ahead. the greek parliament revises an exhibit planned ahead of a crucial eurozone meet on the ground a new bailout. plus. >> reporter: i am reporting from near srebrenica where the genocide 20 years ago continues to cause division and pain. and rebuilding after ebola. the international community
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pledges billions of dollars to help the countries hardest hit by the outbreak. ♪ ♪ we'll begin in yemen where a u.n.-backed ceasefire comes in to effect. but there are reports of saudi airstrikes in sanaa and taiz. the strikes came after reports of ground fighting the week-long ceasefire has let vital surprise get in. we have more. >> reporter: for thousands of people wounded in yemen medicines are running out. places like aden, sanaa, at that. iaz and others have been cut off for weeks. aid agencies warn if humanitarian aid doesn't go through, over 6 million people could face famine.
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>> you cannot survive without external aid without getting food assistance, they do not know where their next meal whim come from. it is paramount that we reach these homes and these families quickly with the humanitarian aid and surprise and the food or the situation will certainly move in to a much more difficult scenario. >> reporter: this is the city of taiz. the forces loyal to the government in exile have been battling houthi fighters, their leader cast out on the u.n. brokered ceasefire even before it began. >> in fact, we don't have much hope for the truce to succeed. we have experienced the previous truce that's why we don't think it will hole hold this time. because its success is continual on the commitment of the saudi regime and their mercenaries. >> reporter: and the saudi-led coalition says it has little reason to hold fire. >> translator: first of all before the coalition agrees to
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any terms of humanitarian truce we ask the u.n. to insure that houthis verbally agree to the truce and stick to it. secondly we need to know what mechanisms already in place to insure the truce will not be broken without these terms the truce cannot be won in the first place. >> reporter: in the hours leading up to the truce, both sides expressed an equal lack of trust. but it has happened before and many expect a week ceasefire to take place with some violations. >> no one expects this ceasefire to be complete. because yep sen a lawless country controlled by militants. >> reporter: some people showed cautious optimism and a strong desire for peace. >> translator: we ask the international community for this truce to last longer. >> translator: all yemenis are afraid that the truce will not be right handed by either side. we a you would need peace so people that work with move freely. >> reporter: a desperate
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21 million yemenis hoping to get some help. a hope that hinges on the possibility of a fragile tuesday,. turkish police have conducted several raids across the country arresting 21 people suspected of helping isil. simultaneous operations were carried out in istanbul and three other cities. targeting groups the turkish authorities say were helping foreign fighters join isil. a large number of weapons ammunition and military uniforms were also seized. the u.s.-led coalition against isil says it has carried out a series of airstrikes again the group in iraq and sear i syria. in iraq coalition forces blew up a cave network. the 16 air strikes also destroyed isil vehicles and multiple tactical units. in syria, 15 strikes targeted isil positions near major battle ground of aleppo, kobane, and raqqa where isil has established its headquarters.
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greek politicians have voted in support of a revised plan of economic reforms reforms design today secure a new bailout from its creditors, prime minister alexis tsipras says he's won important concession on his restructuring greece's debt. but as simon mcgregor-wood reports from agents ends many greeks are opposed to this. >> reporter: he may have convinced some of his european creditors but selling seeling it to the greek parliament was a tougher challenge. after all to many of his own party members this deal looks like something they have already rejected. it was some u-turn. and he admitted none of this was going to be easy. >> translator: despite the closed banks despite the huge difficulties is that have woven their way in the social fabric, the greek people made a difficult, brave and historic decision. which surprised most of us, they rejected the ultimatum. they didn't give us a mandate to break with the e you feel. instead boosted our mandate in
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the negotiating process for an economically viable deal. >> reporter: outside many thousands of greeks who had hart voted no to more austerity gathered yet again with a sense of betrayal and anger. >> pensions are going to be reduced radically, they have already been cut when the state doesn't have anymore money they'll cut pensions even further. >> translator: what's happened now is a big mistake a huge one the proposals are devastating and the only realistic option is to leave the e.u.: most of >> reporter: most of these people are dead against the latest proposal it seems even more draconian than the laugh one the notion by voting no in the referendum they were going to get a better deal from europe seems to have been a rule illusion. elsewhere in the europe the deal was received with cautious optimism ahead of critical meetings of the euro group on saturday in germany where it really matters they are going to take some convincing.
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>> translator: it's the most substantial program we have seen so far we must acknowledge that. but but there is a lot scepticism over the question of how seriously it's met. >> reporter: on saturday the nba brussels the 19 finance ministers of the euro group will paw through every paragraph of the proposal. in athens their verdict will be greeted with mixed emotions. simon ma agreeing or wood, al jazerra, attention. now the economic crisis in greece is pushing many of its best and bryceest to seek opportunities elsewhere. one popular destination is australia, which has had close links with greece for he can aids andrew thomas reports from sydney. >> reporter: a greek language newspaper in melbourne editing its good life section until a year ago she lived in greece editing online magazines but her life there wasn't good. when advertisers stopped paying their bills and her pay check
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stopped arriving on time she knew she had to leave. >> i miss greece. but i had to survive. and i am one of the lucky ones because i am australian sit accept. my mom is australian so i could come here and get a job. >> reporter: the greek exodus down under has a precedent after the second world war nearly 200,000 greek migrants bought a tick feed a ship to australia. melbourne, was soon home to more greeks than all but two cities in greece. from 1970 the trend reversed 10s of thousands who were by them dual citizens returned home often with australian-born children athens now has more than 100,000 people with australian passports. the collapse of the greek economy, though, has led to a change in the direction of migration again. more than 10,000 are thought to have left greece for australia in the past five years. >> that's the biggest problem for greece in my opinion, the fact that the people that are
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productive young educated, and in the right age to create the appropriate conditions for the country to go forward are not there to help that system. >> reporter: it's not just young people, two years ago he left not only his job but also his wife and three children to come to australia. >> it's very hard, very, very hard. but for me, and i hope for my family as well, but this is what had to be, and this is what we are doing at the moment. >> reporter: like other recent migrants, he was sending money home but the freeze on cash withdrawals on greece and uncertainty on deposits held by greek banks means everybody that is now on hold. he instead is thinking of bringing his whole family to australia where international airports are already seeing a lot more greeks coming than going. there are no direct flights between greece and australia but via connections greeks are arriving here every day.
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it seems a growing number of them have no plans to go home. andrew thomas, al jazerra. sydney. around 200 people gathered in the serbian capital belgrade to mark 20 years since the srebrenica genocide in neighboring bosnia they lit candles to remember the more than 8,000 muslim men and boys who were killed by bosnian serb soldiers in 1995. despite the show of solidarity the region is far from united and some still refuse to accept the genocide -- the massacre rather as a genocide, a report now from bosnia. >> reporter: she lived in srebrenica and to call her determined would be an under statement. her husband, two sounds and her two brothers were killed in them 95. she told me how her street is now virtually empty. like her most boss knee actions or muslims residents that were not killed fled to other parts of the country but she returned
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13 years ago and is determined to stay despite knowing people implicated in the massacre are still at large. >> if people like plea wouldn't return it puts the future of bosnia in question. do people really want to stay bosnia divide i came back to mind family home to live with the memory of my family and loved ones. >> reporter: her male relatives are among the thousands bared down the road from her home. it's not hard to find people living in this area who not only deny the extent of the crimes of 20 years ago but reject the label of genocide which has been accepted by the united nations. in the town of srebrenica itself where bosniaks are now the minority the bee knee an flag flies next secretary to the serb entity. but this bosnian serb official says attending the anniversary
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event is out of the question. >> translator: i understand the feelings of everyone who hasn't found the remains of their loves ones there are such family on his both sides. i think a large number of those families are ready to look at the future and the problems that happened here during the commemoration come from outside. >> reporter: this bosnian academic agrees with him. there is too much attention placed on srebrenica. but for very different reasons. >> srebrenica is sometimes used and mentioned as if it's not in bosnia and herzegovina, as if it's a separate entity that's kind of, you know, exists in vacuum from bosnia and hertz go convenient arm genocide in bosnia started in 1992 as the hague prosecution is proving in the trials trials. >> reporter: and society latest victims to be identified are brought to their final resting place. but the shared grief of thousands cutting across the generations is made worse by the pain of denial.
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al jazerra. an independent investigation in the u.s. has found that some medical practice tingessers lied about their vorm in the cia's controversial interrogation techniques for more than a decade the american psych rolling cal association denied that any of eights 130,000 members aided in the torture of detainees but a damning report suggests the organization used its links to the cia and u.s. military to facilitate harsh inning tear games several several officials could be fired. an international human rights lawyer he explains how the medical code of ethics has been abused. >> it's been violated so badly that one act that was performed on the detainees called rectal rehydration, when detainees decided to go on hunger strike
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physicians for human rights and other medical associations considered to be -- considered that medical action to be a complete act of torture of sexual assault actually. and so the psychologists helped in things like rectal rehydration and other horrific torturous acts and they should, held accountable at the very least by their ethical board of the a.p. a. but perhaps even criminal charges. still to come in this bulletin pope francis continues his homecoming tour of south america as he arrived in paraguay. and we were in hong kong to look at how food safety issues in china are helping to sprout a new generation of urban farmers.
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♪ ♪ good to have you with us, these are the top stories a. the humanitarian ceasefire has come in to effect in yemen but there are reports of saudi-led air ?riekdz capital sanaa and at that. taa side. they say it came after reports of ground identifieding. greek politicians vote in support to a new plan to provide support for a bailout. prim minister tsipras says it one step in restructuring the dead. gathering in belgrade to mark 20 years since the srebrenica genocide in neighboring bosnia they lit candles to remember the more than 8,000 muslim men and boys killed by bosnian serb soldiers
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in 1995. now, more than $3.4 billion have been pledge today help the countries worst affected by the ebola epidemic. the money is meant to help install health system and rebuild local economies kristen saloomey reports from the united nations in new york. >> reporter: three heads of state each representing the countries at the center of the recent ebola epidemic, liberia guinea and sierra leone, they came to the united nations with a request for bill wraps of dollars and a warning. >> no, no, no, no, the thread is never over until we rebuild the health sick are sector. >> the world today is more ever connected than ever before. and virus did he vases just like terrorism, know no national boundaries. >> reporter: here in the west of
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guinea with the border of sierra leone the village is still under quarantine. deaths are down from the height of the epidemic which has claimed more than 11,000 lives. but throughout the region, there are still about a dozen new cases a week. >> response and recovery are so intertwined. you have to get health services back in place again if there is going to be trust among people returning? & if lives and likely hoods are going to get back to normal. rebuilding the health tear system under funded even before the outbreak is the priority. since panic has largely gone a way the fear heading in to the conference was that the world had become complacent but countries have been stepping up to the microphone and make pledge the united king dodge alone promise address a half billion dollars in new money and dead deet relief. but the u.n. says improving watering sanitation, roots and other i believe from talks infrastructure
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is key. with complaints about corruption and misspent aid money aid organizations say trans parents is a and accountability will also be necessary. >> the path forward for recovery just as the path for fighting ebola itself is going to have to involve engaging communities more. actually making sure that citizens can track the funds and weigh in and complain when they are not getting services that they deserve. holding governments donors and everyone n.g.o.s accountable. >> reporter: it's a matter of life and death. kristen saloomey, al jazerra the united nations. to ma mama lacia for a memorial service commend crating the clash of flight mh17 that was shot down in eastern ukraine killing all 298 passenger sayses and crew on board. more from koala lumpur.
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>> reporter: the releague us government and family members are attending the them memorial. it's been almost a year since flight mh17 went down in eastern ukraine killing all 298 crew and passengers on board. most of them were dutch nationals, but there were mourn 40 malaysians aboard as well. now, an international team of investmenters has been looking at this incident over the past year. they have been led by dutch authorities. the report is not yet made public, but they have been investigating the cause of this flight going down. as well as whether the malaysian airlines flight should have been given the green light to flyover ukrainian air space when there was a war going on beneath them. now a number of governments including the malaysian government has called for a u.n.
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tribunal to prosecute and punish those responsible many believe russian-backed rebels shot miss ills in to this plane and thus caused it to go down, of course this is denied by russia. ray stampede at a charity event in bangladesh has killed at least 25 people. the crowd had gathered outside a local businessman's factory to collect happened outs during the muslim holy month of ramadan. 30 people are being treated in hospital. more than 10,000 people have moved from china's east coast as a typhoon approaches. the it's expected to make landfall on saturday. meteorologists have issued the highest weather alert for the typhoon. now, with china offense plagued by food safety scared hong kong is trying to reduce its reliance on practice produce
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from the mainland but developers are take over farmland. part two in food safety in asia, sarah clark reports from hong kong. >> reporter: nestled in the shadows of these skyscrapers is a group of farming plots becky is one of the enthusiastic producers, a third generation farmer who lester had job in hong kong central financial district to return to her roots. >> because i love this place. i was born and i grow up here. we grow food for our community. went to show people that the rural and urban area can coexist in this city. >> reporter: but as demand for housing rises land like this is being snap up by developers and farmers are being driven out. becky's family has join you had with three on households to create a cooperative in a bid to survive the encroaching urban sprawl. >> farming is important to the
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city. for our sustainable future. we need farm land, we need food. we need the green area. >> reporter: local production account for just 2% of fresh vegetables in hong kong, with nearly all of the city supply imported from china. but food scandals there are trying more consumers to buy local and organic produce. >> one reason it's fresh it's much more fresh and also the taste is very good. >> reporter: there are still around 4,000 farmers who are actively working here in hong kong but their plots are small and the amount they produce is limited because of the land size. but it's the next generation of farmers who are keen to see agriculture in the city grow. johnny is part of a research group at the chinese university of hong kong, he says the city can boost its local supply but the farming land that's left must be protected. and production targets should be set by the government. >> the fact is that 85% of
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farmland is now abandoned. or not well utilized. so if we can protection the farmlands and let our farmers to utilize all of them, actually our vegetables for self sufficiency rates can rise from 1.9% to 27%. >> reporter: the government is not yet convinced. >> at the end of the day it comes down to whether there is a market demand for it. and whether local farms are willing to did it or norm. it not be decided just by setting a target 67 for now young farmers like becky are relying on the community for support. >> this is our home and went to stay here forever. >> reporter: even so, her future on the farm remains in doubt. sarah clark, al jazerra hong to hong kong. pope francis has arrived in pair guy the last stoop of his three-nation tour of south make where he has been calling for better wealth distribution.
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the pontiff has met paraguay's president, he also visited a children's hospital, poor neighborhoods and lead a mass. paraguay has one of the most unequal distributions of wealth in south america our lat up editor lucia newman reports. >> reporter: 46 year old goes to this same ritual every day. like 10s of thousands of pair guy an farm workers the mother of eight had no choice but to my great to this inner-city slum. >> translator: we had no work. we made almost no money. only $4 a day. >> reporter: now her husband picks through rubbish in this ever-expanding neighborhood where one man's waste is another man's meal ticket. until paraguay, 2% of the people own 80% of the land. in recent years land owners have turned to highly mechanic
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nice the export crops that have put farm workers out of a job. 20% of the people of paraguay's capital live here, children, their parents even their grandparents living in the rubbish and from the rubbish the kind of poverty that pope francis says is unacceptable. that's why the pope is coming here to show his support for the handles and the dispossessed. in a country where the liberal and conservative wings of the catholic church are at odds. father jose luis a fellow jesuit is one of many catholic priests who work with the poor. and support their fight for better land distribution. >> translator: the powerful financial capitalism that the pope denounces so much has taken over here. as i have said many times i hope francis seriously criticized our government
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because poverty is expanding by the day as the accumulation of wealth in a few hands grow. >> reporter: in 2012 the president, a former catholic bishop, an advocate of land reform was impeached. paraguay has a long history of frustrate ahead tempt at better land distribution. which is why here people say that for the pope's visit to make a difference would truly take a miracle. lucia newman, al jazerra. now, finally this bulletin the actor omar sharif best phone no his award winning roles in the classic films lawrence arabia and dr. zhivago has died the at the i'm of the 83. >> reporter: a regular on red carpets around the world omar sharif's actioning career spanned six decades and several continue nets. he was born michelle shalhoub in the egyptian city of alexandria
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and began acting in productions in the 1950s but his meteoric rise came in 1962 with the relieve of his first english film lawrence of a arabia. >> truly for some men nothing is written unless they write it. >> reporter: for which he would receive a host of awards, including two golden globes and an oscar nomination asked about his performance in the movie he said i think it's a great film but i am not very good in it. three years later he would be a further golden globe with the title role in dr. zhivago he wound working in to old age his last film credits were in 2013. >> i was a shy boy somewhat. and i enjoyed not being shy because i was somebody else, you know that's -- i think that's what actors love about their work. >> reporter: but earlier this year sharif retreated from the spotlight after being diagnosed with alzheimer's disease. his agent said he died of a heart attack in a hospital in the egyptian capital cairo.
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a global screen idol from the era of the great movie epic. and just a reminders now that you can keep up-to-date with all of the news on our website that you can see on your screens there that's at aljazerra.com. best of the best. >> the questions of the future evening as it threatens the try i believe of its past. and questions about rebuilding afghanistan too, billions spent what did the u.s. dollars buy? >> the american says had their own end and goals.

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